On Dec. 1, 1955, Rosa Parks took a stand by remaining seated on a Montgomery City bus. When asked to relinquish her seat to a white male passenger, she refused and was subsequently arrested. Her courageous act sparked the 382-day boycott of Montgomery buses by the city’s African American community.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott represented the first large-scale U.S. demonstration against segregation, and, because of her leadership, Parks became frequently referred to as the “mother of the civil rights movement.” Her peaceful act of defiance led to change, not only in Montgomery but throughout the United States and around the world.
Today, Troy University’s Rosa Parks Museum stands on the spot of Parks’ historic arrest. Located on the University’s Montgomery Campus, the museum opened on Dec. 1, 2000, with the mission of preserving and interpreting the story and lasting legacy of Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott for future generations.
Constructed on the site of the former Empire Theater, the museum has become a major landmark in the revitalization of downtown Montgomery and annually draws visitors from throughout the country and around the world. As the nation’s only museum dedicated to Parks, the museum collects, preserves and exhibits artifacts to the life and lessons of Rosa Parks, the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the civil rights movement and provides educational programming and resources for K-12, adult and lifelong learners.
Visitors to the museum will learn more about the people behind the boycott, as well as the political and social climates of 1950s Montgomery. Through the exhibits, visitors will hear the voices of brave men and women who fought for freedom through the peaceful bus boycott, witness the arrest of Parks, and travel back in time to a mass meeting at Holt Street Baptist Church that set the stage for the boycott. Artifacts within the exhibits include a restored 1955 station wagon, a replica of the public bus on which Parks was sitting on the day of her arrest and original historic documents of that era.
Visitors may also choose to take a trip aboard the “Cleveland Avenue Time Machine” in the museum’s Children’s Wing. By boarding a replica of the Cleveland Avenue bus where Parks was arrested, visitors are taken on a 20-minute, virtual trip through the historical events of the Jim Crow Era, setting the stage for what they will see in the museum’s main exhibit.
The museum also regularly hosts traveling exhibits in its gallery, which are free to visitors during normal business hours.
Located at 252 Montgomery St. in Montgomery, the museum is open Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Admission is $5.50 for children ages 4 to 12 and $7.50 for visitors 12 and up. Tours of both the museum and the Children’s Wing are $14 for adults and $10 for children. Children 3 years old and younger are admitted free of charge. For information, contact the museum at 334-241-8615 or visit troy.edu/rosaparks.