In theory, the choice is simple. We can continue to utilize a time-bound, age-based, one-size-fits-all curriculum-driven instructional model or choose to develop a personalized competency based learning system which identifies crucial learning outcomes, gives students the instruction and practice they need at their level of readiness, and monitors and adjusts instruction for as long as needed until competency is fully achieved.
Competency based learning offers us a different systems model for teaching and learning. Instead of standardized one-size-fits-all instruction, competency is personalized for every essential skill along the pathways to higher levels of knowledge. The architecture of the competency based system is based on the following principles:
- Clearly identify a small set of crucial learning outcomes, and learning pathways to higher level skills
- Use systematic formative assessment to determine the readiness levels of your students in relation to essential outcomes
- Offer informed instruction, at the student’s personal level of readiness
- Use ongoing monitoring of progress until these skills/objectives are deeply understood (competency)
- Allow students to move on to more advanced learning as soon as they are ready
This is not a new way of thinking about teaching and learning. Every good coach, music teacher, and scout leader understands the importance of competency. They give kids what they need, at any pace necessary to keep children engaged, confident, and learning.
Competency based learning is focused on student learning outcomes, and is built with the following design principles in mind:
- Students advance upon mastery, not age.
- The pathway to competency is built with explicit and measurable learning objectives.
- Assessment is primarily formative, and skills or concepts are assessed in multiple contexts to guarantee both deep understanding and application.
In the competency model, students are no longer passed along with large gaps in understanding causing them to fall further and further behind. For the identified crucial learning outcomes, instruction is designed to match the developmental readiness of the students so that they are engaged and challenged but not frustrated. Students advance upon mastery to higher levels of skill
The Early Learning Foundation
Bob Sornson has worked internationally with schools and universities to develop high quality competency based learning initiatives at every level. His book, Over-Tested and Under-Prepared: Using Competency Based Learning to Transform Our Schools is the leading guide for districts, universities, and organizations trying to develop effective competency based learning systems.
But the Early Learning Foundation focuses primarily on building partnerships with preschool and early elementary programs.
The Early Learning Foundation offers the use of a competency framework for PK to Grade 3 which shifts the focus from cover, test, and sort to building competent skills for a lifetime of learning.
Schools and districts in which staff are trained to use the Essential Skill Inventories can have an ongoing license to use this competency framework with fidelity. This change of focus from “covering” content to building solid foundation skills for life shifts learning outcomes for your students.
Experts like Bob Sornson believe we’ve reached a turning point, a unique moment in time. The ideas, models and tools are readily available. The Early Learning Foundation can help you build a system that meets the needs of learners in the age of innovation, technology, information, and lifelong learning.